The Types of CV

1.1 – The Chronological CV

A chronological CV displays the candidate’s work experience in reverse chronological order, employer by employer. A brief personal statement describing the candidate’s core talents and strengths should be included at the top of chronological CVs. The most typical CV format is this one.

How to structure a chronological CV

A chronological CV typically uses the following structure:

  • Personal Information of Candidate
  • Personal Profile
  • Career History in reverse chronological order
  • if the candidate is a graduate or has little work experience, in which case, it is best to start with your Education and Qualifications
  • Education and Qualifications
  • Professional Memberships
  • Research Work
  • Technical and Programming Skill
  • Other information and Interests


  • Particularly useful for those applIt’s especially valuable for individuals applying in the same industry because it shows your professional advancement.
  • Most businesses prefer this format because it allows them to identify each position’s tasks and responsibilities quickly.
  • Suppose you don’t have a lot of accomplishments or important highlights during your career. In that case, a job-by-job method can help you outline your essential tasks while removing the focus from key achievements, which is more common in a functional CV.


  • A chronological CV will show any gaps in your career that you would rather not be highlighted.
  • If you’re changing careers, a chronological CV may not be as valuable to a recruiter who is more interested in the transferable abilities you’ll offer rather than the specifics of your previous work experience in a different field.

Template of Chronological CVs.

Click on the files below to see click on the files below to see a template.

1.2 – The Functional CV

A functional CV, unlike a chronological CV, emphasizes your abilities and competence rather than the chronology of your previous career.
Although most recruiters prefer chronological CVs, some senior executive positions demand a functional CV in addition to a chronological CV so that their main talents and accomplishments can be clearly defined.

How to structure a functional CV

A functional CV usually begins with a personal profile that highlights your accomplishments, abilities, and personal attributes. Then there’s a series of divisions, each one focusing on a particular skill or ability. These should be arranged in decreasing significance order. Instead of focusing on a single position, you should outline your whole career path. Because you are not describing a specific role, you are free to mention any abilities or expertise you have obtained through volunteer or unpaid labor.


  • If you have changed jobs frequently, or your experience is a combination of seemingly unrelated posts or if you have several career gaps, a functional CV will help emphasize what you have to offer as a whole rather than your career progression.
  • When a recruiter wants to change the industry, a functional CV will help the recruiter focus on transferable skills.
  • If you are a more mature applicant, a functional CV will take theA functional CV will take the spotlight away from your age if you are a more mature applicant.


  • If you don’t have much professional experience, it is challenging to emphasize accomplishments in a separate section.
  • Most companies dislike this CV style because they prefer to see what the candidate has done in detail. It also raises suspicions about if the individual is concealing something.
  • You won’t be able to highlight steady professional advancement on a functional CV. If you want to show how your career progressed, use a chronological format.

To round up your CV, include a section on your qualifications and a list of your employers with dates of work. The final section should include any other pertinent information as well as hobbies and interests.

Template of Functional CVs.

Click on the files below to see a template of a functional CV.

1.3 – The Combined CV

A combined CV combines the chronological and functional formats, making it significantly longer than usual. However, it combines the finest features of both forms of CVs and is becoming increasingly common.


  • If an applicant has a long job history and numerous accomplishments, a combination CV is ideal.
  • Allows you to market both your skills and your experience.


  • Some employers may be put off by a CV that is longer than a functional or chronological CV.
  • Those with minimal experience or accomplishments should avoid it.
  • Not suitable for those who have had a period of unemployment.

Template and examples for Combined CVs.

Click on the files below to see a template of a combined CV.

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